Russian Alphabet

The Russian alphabet was created by the 9th century monk St. Cyril. After a couple of changes along the way it became was it is today in 1918. There are a total of 33 letters in the Russian alphabet. Below in the table is the block printing of the Cyrillic alphabet, followed by the Cursive Version, then how to pronounce the sound.

Block
Cursive
Sound
A
Cursive A
a in father
Be
Cursive Be
b in bed
Ve
Cursive Ve
v in visit
Ghe
Cursive Ghe
g in goat
De
Cursive De
d in day
Ye
Cursive Ye
ye in yet
Yo
Cursive Yo
yo in yolk
Zhe
Cursive Zhe
s in pleasure
Ze
Cursive Ze
z in zoo
I
Cursive I
e in eel
Short I
Cursive Short I
i in voice
Block
Cursive
Sound
Ka
Cursive Ka
k in kite
El
Cursive El
l in let
Em
Cursive Em
m in man
En
Cursive En
n in no
O
Cursive O
o in nor
Pe
Cursive Pe
p in pay
Er
Cursive Er
r in error
Es
Cursive Es
s in say
Te
Cursive Te
t in to
U
Cursive U
oo in boot
Ef
Cursive Ef
f in feet
Block
Cursive
Sound
Ha
Cursive Ha
ch in Bach
Tse
Cursive Tse
ts in cats
Che
Cursive Che
ch in check
Sha
Cursive Sha
sh in shoe
Shcha
Cursive Shcha
sh in sheep
Hard Sign
Cursive Hard Sign
no sound
Yeru
Cursive Yeru
i in bit
Soft Sign
Cursive Soft Sign
no sound
E
Cursive E
e in met
Yu
Cursive Yu
u in universe
Ya
Cursive Ya
ya in yak

Russian pronunciation is fairly straight forward and phonetic. There are some exceptions in Russian pronunciation like что which is pronounced "shto" not "chto" and его pronounced "yevo" not "yego." Overall, don't worry about the exceptions too much if you have an audio program or speaker at your side it will be easily taken care of. Also words in Russian never ever begin with the letters ъ, ы, and ь.

Also in learning materials and dictionaries there are stress mark above that letter that gets stressed. However, that is the only place you will find stress marks. If you pick up a russian newspaper you will not find stress marks on any of the words.

Russian Cursive

All Russians in grade school learn to write Russian in cursive. It's best to learn the cursive form of the alphabet because it will make writing easier and quicker than using standard block writing and will allow you to read another person's writing.

There are some guidelines to remember when writing in cursive. Usually Л, М, and Я cursive letters begin with a small hook. Similarly, sometimes the cursive verison of T might have a line above it and the cursive version of Ш might have a line below it. These usually happen in learning materials.

Vowels and Consonants

In Russian there are 10 vowels and and 20 consonants.

Vowels: А Э О У Ы Я Е Ё Ю И

Consonants: Б В Г Д Ж З К Л М Н П Р С Т Ф Х Ц Ч Ш Щ